Organized Collections

Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation, 1954-1964

The mission of the Committees on The Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation (BEAR) was to provide a thorough review of all that was known at the time about the effects of atomic radiation on living organisms. The Committees on BEAR had been put together in 1955 by then-NAS president Detlev Bronk in response to the increasing but uncoordinated accumulation of data on the effects of atomic radiation.

Six committees were formed to investigate various problems arising from the release or presence of radiation in the environment. These committees were: Pathologic Effects of Atomic Radiation (with various subcommittees); Meteorological Aspects of the Effects of Atomic Radiation; Effects of Atomic Radiation on Agriculture and Food Supplies; Disposal and Dispersal of Radioactive Wastes; and Oceanography and Fisheries. A number of reports, including two summary reports, the first released in 1956 and second released in 1960, were published by the various BEAR committees and subcommittees before the study was terminated in 1964.

The studies conducted by the Committees on BEAR did not overlap with the studies conducted by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission.

The Papers of the Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation contain correspondence, reports, and meeting minutes, and cover the years 1954-1964 for a span of 6 linear feet.

INDEX to the Records of the Committees on the Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

ADMINISTRATION

COMMITTEES & Boards

Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

Agriculture & Food Supplies

  • Behavior of Radioactive Fallout in Soils & Plants: 1962-1963
  • Impact of Massive Radioactive Fallout on Production & Utilization
  • of Agricultural Crops: 1962-1963
  • General: 1962-1964

Continuation of Program: 1962

Cooperation with Other Organizations

  • US Congress Jt Committee on Atomic Energy: 1962-1963

Genetic: 1962-1964

Health Implications of Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Testing

  • through 1961: 1962

Meetings: Chairmen of BEAR Committees: 1962

Meteorological: 1962-1964

Pathologic

  • Meetings: 1963
  • Subcommittee on Hematology: 1962-1963
  • Subcommittee on Inhalation Hazards: 1962-1964
  • Subcommittee on Neuropathology: 1962-1965
  • Pathological Effects of Thyroid Irradiation

Report to FRC: 1962

Requests for Support: Rockefeller Foundation: 1962

Reports Distribution: 1962-1963

General: 1962-1963

To Top of Index

INSTITUTIONS Associations Individuals

1955-1963

INTERNATIONAL Relations

1955-1960

ORGANIZATION

Activities of NAS & NRC Bearing on Effects of Atomic Radition

  • on Living Organisms: 1946-1955

Activities of NAS & NRC Related to Basis & Use

  • of Radiation Protection Criteria & Standards: 1960-1962

ORGANIZATION: NAS: Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

Agriculture & Food Supplies

  • Appointments: 1956
  • Behavior of Radioactive Fallout in Soils & Plants: 1956-1961
  • Impact of Massive Radioactive Fallout on Production & Utilization
  • of Agricultural Crops: 1959-1961
  • Meetings: 1956
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1959
  • General: 1956-1961

Beginning of Program: 1954-1955

Comments & Inquiries: 1955-1960

Conference on Low-Level & Threshold Effects: 1959

Continuation of Program: 1960-1961

Cooperation with Other Organizations

  • American College of Radiology: 1956-1958
  • Atomic Energy Commission: 1956-1960
  • Department of State: 1955-1957
  • Medical Research Council of Great Britain: 1955-1960
  • UN Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation: 1956-1961
  • US Congress Jt Commission on Atomic Energy: 1957-1961

Disposal & Dispersal of Radioactive Wastes

  • Appointments: 1955-1956
  • Meetings: 1956
  • Status Report on Disposal of Radioactive Wastes: 1957-1960
  • Subcommittee Reports:
  • Economics of Waste Disposal & Dispersal: 1956
  • Issues Requiring Further Study: 1956
  • Magnitude of Problem with Growth of Industry: 1956
  • Present Status of Dispersal & Disposal
  • of Radioactive Wastes: 1956
  • Problem of Accidental Hazards: 1956
  • Proposals of Panel on Genetics on Limitations
  • of Radiation Exposure: 1956
  • Relation of Nature & Magnitude of Wastes
  • to Fuel Processing & Types of Reactors: 1956
  • Technological & Administrative Problems
  • in Transport Use & Disposal of Radioisotopes: 1956
  • Weapons Testing & Fallout: 1956
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1959
  • General: 1956-1961

Effects of Strontium-90

  • Articles: 1960
  • Background Data: 1959
  • Committee Proposed: 1956-1960
  • General: 1956-1960

To Top of Index

Executive Secretary: 1957-1960

Genetic

  • Appointments: 1955
  • Background Data: 1954-1957
  • Laughlin-Pullman Report: 1955-1957
  • Meetings: 1955-1957
  • Statement on Needed Research: 1956-1959
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1959
  • General: 1955-1961

Meetings: Chairmen of BEAR Committees: 1957-1960

Meteorological

  • Analysis of Average Balloon-Borne Radioactivity
  • Measurements: 1960
  • Appointments: 1956
  • Meetings: 1956
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1959
  • General: 1956-1961

Oceanography & Fisheries

  • Appointments: 1956
  • Cooperation with NRC Com on Oceanography: 1958-1961
  • Effects of Atomic Radiation on Oceanography & Fisheries: 1956-1958
  • Meetings: 1956
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1960
  • General: 1956-1961

To Top of Index

Offers of Assistance: 1955

Pathologic

  • Commentary on Report of UN Scientific Committee
  • on Atomic Radiation: 1958-1959
  • Meetings: 1955-1959
  • Subcommittee on Hematology: 1955-1961
  • Subcommittee on Inhalation Hazards: 1956-1961
  • Subcommittee on Internal Emitters: 1955-1961
  • Subcommittee on Ionizing Radiation from External
  • Sources: 1956-1961
  • Subcommittee on Neuropathology: 1960-1961
  • Summary Reports: 1956-1959
  • General: 1956-1961

Reports

  • Background Data: 1943-1956
  • Distribution: 1956-1961
  • General: 1956-1958

Requests for Support

  • Rockefeller Foundation: 1955-1961

Research Program Proposed: 1957

Summary Reports: Review: 1960

General: 1955-1961

To Top of Index

PUBLIC Relations

Press Conferences: 1956-1960

Press Releases: 1955-1960

General: 1955-1962

PUBLICATIONS

Pediatrics

  • Supplement on Radiation Hazards: 1957

General: 1955-1962

To Top of Index

FINANCE & ACCOUNTING

FINANCE

Funds: Grants

  • Rockefeller Foundation: 1955-1962

To Top of Index

GOVERNMENT

AGENCIES & Departments

1954-1960

CONGRESS

Committees

  • Atomic Energy: Joint: 1957-1963

General: 1957-1959

EXECUTIVE

1959-1963

FOREIGN Governments

1956-1959

INTERNATIONAL Relations

United Nations: 1956-1961

To Top of Index

INDEX to Reports of BEAR Committees Collection

ADMINISTRATION

COMMITTEES & Boards

Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

Agriculture & Food Supplies

  • Behavior of Radioactive Fallout in Soils & Plants: 1963

Continuation of Program: 1962

Pathologic

  • Subcommittee on Hematology Summary Report: 1963

Pathological Effects of Thyroid Irradiation

  • Report to Federal Radiation Council: 1962

To Top of Index

INSTITUTIONS Associations Individuals

American College of Radiology

  • Practical Manual on Medical & Dental Use of X-Rays
  • with Control of Radiation Hazards: 1958

INTERNATIONAL Relations

Academies & Councils Abroad

  • Medical Research Council of Great Britain Statement
  • on Report of UN Scientific Committee on Effects
  • of Atomic Radiation: 1958

Institutions Associations Individuals Abroad

  • Atomic Scientists Assoc of Great Britain Statement
  • on Strontium Hazards: 1957
  • International Commission on Radiological Protection Report: 1960
  • International Commission on Radiological Units &
  • Measurement: Report: 1960

ORGANIZATION: NAS: Committees on Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

Disposal & Dispersal of Radioactive Wastes

  • Disposal of Radioactive Wastes: Status Report: 1958

Genetic Effects

  • Physical Properties of Ionizing Radiation: 1956
  • Section II: Gonadal Dose Received from Natural
  • Background Radiation: 1957
  • Section III: Gonadal Dose from Medical Use
  • of X-Rays: 1957

Oceanography & Fisheries

  • Effects of Atomic Radiation on Oceanography & Fisheries: 1957
  • Radioactive Waste Disposal from Nuclear-Powered Ships: 1959

Pathologic Effects

  • Commentary on Report of UN Scientific Committee
  • on Atomic Radiation: 1959
  • Pathological Effects of Thyroid Irradiation: 1962
  • Subcommittee on Hematology Report: 1961
  • Subcommittee on Inhalation Hazards Report: 1961
  • Subcommittee on Internal Emitters Report: 1961
  • Subcommittee on Ionizing Radiation from External
  • Sources Report: 1961
  • Summary Report: Pathological Effects
  • of Atomic Radiation: 1956

Summary Reports: Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation

  • Report to Public: 1956; 1960
  • Summary Report: 1956; 1960

To Top of Index

GOVERNMENT

AGENCIES & Departments

Agriculture

  • Defense Against Fallout on Farm: 1956

Atomic Energy Commission

  • Analysis of Stratospheric Strontium-90 Measurements: 1959
  • Annotated Bibliography on Transport & Disposition
  • of Atomic Debris: 1956
  • AEC Atmospheric Radioactivity Studies: 1959
  • Effects of Nuclear Weapons Testing: 1955
  • Evaluation of Ground-Level Sampling Program: 1958
  • Latest Stratospheric Fallout Results Particularly
  • on Russian October Series: 1959
  • Naturally Occurring Radioactive Substances
  • & Radiation Doses: 1954
  • Radioactive Contamination of Certain Areas
  • in Pacific Ocean from Nuclear Testing: 1957
  • Relationship between Geologic Environment
  • & Mortality from Congenital Malformation: 1959
  • Statements: 1955-1959
  • Stratospheric Radioactivity Measurements: 1959
  • US Sea Disposal Operations: 1957

Commerce

  • Radioactive Waste Disposal in Ocean: 1954

EXECUTIVE

Federal Radiation Council

  • Background Material for Development
  • of Radiation Protection Standards: 1960-1961
  • Estimates & Evaluation of Fallout in US
  • from Nuclear Weapons Testing Conducted through 1962: 1963
  • Health Implications of Fallout from Nuclear Weapons Testing
  • through 1961: 1962

FOREIGN Governments

Great Britain: Atomic Energy Research Establishment

  • Radiological Dose to Persons in UK Due to Debris
  • from Nuclear Test Explosions Prior to Jan 1958: 1956

INTERNATIONAL Relations

UN Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation

  • Effects of Atomic Radiation: 1958
  • Report of US Delegation: 1957

UN World Health Organization

  • Effects of Radiation on Human Heredity: 1957

Back to Top

Powered by Convio
nonprofit software