Organized Collections

Science Advisory Board, 1925-1941

The National Research Council's Science Advisory Board (SAB) was created by an executive order issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in July 1933. The order authorized the SAB for a two- year period, during which time the NRC was granted the authority to appoint committees within the SAB to address scientific problems of the various government departments. Unlike the Research Council, which had come to be organized around specific fields of science and technology, the SAB's organization was explicitly designed around its relationship with the government. Accordingly, the SAB's first undertaking was a survey of the overall relationship between science and the government. After this and other initial successes, the SAB was expanded in size as decreed by an executive order of 1934.

By 1935 it was clear that, in an atmosphere colored by the constitutional questions raised by aspects of the New Deal, the SAB's status as an advisory body to the President made it vulnerable to political control. In addition, the SAB's anomalous position within the Academy organization itself precipitated a conflict of jurisdiction between the Academy and Research Council. For these reasons, it was decided that upon its expiration, the SAB should be superceded by a more broadly representative group reporting to the President of the NAS. Accordingly, an executive order of July 1935 extended the life of the SAB until the following December, at which time its functions were assumed by a newly reorganized NAS Committee on Government Relations which was itself dissolved in October 1939.

The Papers of the Science Advisory Board include the records of the NAS Committees on Government Relations and Naval Research. The collection contains correspondence, meeting minutes, and reports, and covers the years 1925-1941 for a span of 10 linear feet.

Committee on Government Relations, Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee, and National Research Council Science Advisory Board, 1925-1941: Index to Collection


ADMINISTRATION

EXECUTIVE Board

Committee on Naval Research

Joint with Science Advisory Board

Possibilities for Scientific Services to Navy Dept: 1935
Projects: Research Conducted at Colleges & Universities: 1935-1936
Projects: Research Conducted at Laboratories of Industrial Corporations: 1935

Projects: Scientific Personnel for Naval Reserve

Nominations: 1936

Proposed: 1933

General: 1936

Committee on Relationships with War & Navy Depts

1940-1941
1936-1939

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: 1936

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Science Advisory Board

Appointments: Members

Executive Order 6725: 1934
Executive Order 6238: 1933
Proposed: 1933-1934

Committee on Biological Abstracts: 1935

Committee on Boulder Dam Survey: 1933-1935

Committee on Bureau of Chemistry & Soils

Beginning of Program: 1934
Meetings: 1934-1935
General: 1934-1935

Committee on Bureau of Standards: 1933-1935

Committee on Design & Construction of Airships

Beginning of Program: 1935
Supporting Data: 1934-1935
General: 1935

Committee on Food & Drug Legislation Advisory to USDA

Proposed: 1933

Committee on Geological Survey & Bureau of Mines

Conservation of Mineral Resources: 1934
General: 1934-1935

Committee on Land Use

Conference: Chicago: 1934
Conference: Washington DC: 1934
General: 1934

Committee on Mapping Services of Federal Government

Appointments: Members: 1934
Beginning of Program: 1934
Memoranda: 1934
Questionnaire: 1934
General: 1934

Committee on Medicine & Public Health: 1934-1935

Committee on New Industries: 1934

Committee on Policy of Government in Relation to Scientific Research: 1933-1934

Committee on Railway Research

Supporting Data: 1934
General: 1934

Committee on Relation between Fundamental Sciences & Scientific Study of Human Problems: 1933

Committee on Relation of Patent System to Stimulation of New Industries: 1934-1935

Committee on Signaling for Safety at Sea

Appointments: Members: 1935
Meetings: Summary of Discussion: 1935
Meetings: Transcript of Discussion: 1935
General: 1935

Committee on Soil Survey & Research: 1935

Committee on War & Navy Depts

Conference on Research: 1934
General: 1933-1935

Committee on Weather Bureau: 1933-1935

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Continuation of Board to December

Executive Order 7100: 1935

Establishment

Events Leading to Issuance of Executive Order 6238: 1933
Executive Order 6239 Issued to NRC: 1933-1934
General: 1933

Executive Committee

Meetings: 1933-1935
General: 1933-1935

Meetings

Jun 1935
Mar 1935
Dec 1934
Nov 1934
Sep 1934
Apr 1934
Feb 1934
Jan 1934
Nov 1933
Sep 1933
Aug 1933
Minutes: Bound Compilation: 1933-1935

Members: Listing: 1933-1935

Program & Financial Problem: 1934

Projects

Archaeological Surveys in Tennessee Valley: 1933
Consolidation of Mapping Services of US Government: 1933-1934
Consumers' Standards: 1933-1934
David W Taylor Model Basin: 1933-1934
Development of Research on Plant Pathology: 1934
Dues to International Scientific Unions: 1933-1934
Land-Grant Colleges: Survey: 1934-1935
National Program for Putting Science to Work for National Welfare: 1934-1935
Recovery Program of Science Progress: 1933
Scientific Work in British Government: 1934
Study of Occupational Standards: 1933
General: 1933-1935

Relationship between NAS & NRC

Annual Report of NAS for 1920: Annotated by NAS President: 1934
Documents re Origin of Executive Order for NRC: 1934

Relationship of SAB to NAS

Report: First: Request for Approval by NAS: 1934
General: 1934

Report: Second

Comments & Criticisms: 1935
Publicity: Newspaper Articles: 1935
Publicity: Press Releases: 1935
Publicity: General: 1935
Request for Permission to Publish Government Agency Portions of Report: 1935
General: 1935

Report: First

Distribution: 1934-1935
Publicity: 1934
General: 1934-1935

Services of Division of Engineering & Industrial Research

Liaison between Dept of Commerce & National Recovery Administration: 1933-1935
General: 1933-1935

Termination

Activities Transferred to NAS Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: 1935
General: 1935

General: 1933-1935

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INSTITUTIONS Associations Individuals

American Association for Advancement of Science: 1933-1934

General: 1933-1935

ORGANIZATION: NAS

Committee on Government Relations

Activities: Reports to NAS: 1929-1935
Appointments: Members: 1935
Beginning of Program: 1925-1926
Executive Committee: 1935
Meetings: 1926-1935
Name Change to Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: 1935
Projects: Consideration of Report on Better Government Personnel: 1935
Projects: Role of Science in National Planning: 1934
Reorganization of Committee: 1935
Subcommittee on Biological Sciences: 1934-1935
Subcommittee on Physical Sciences: 1934-1935
General: 1927-1935

Council of the Academy

Executive Committee: Meetings: 1934
Meetings: 1934-1935

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee

Activities: Reports to NAS: 1936-1939

Appointments: Members: 1936-1939

Beginning of Program
US President's Announcement: 1935-1934
Committee on Army Air Corps Problems

Appointments: Members: 1938-1939
Beginning of Program: 1938
Projects: Development of Beryllium Alloys: 1938-1939
Projects: Development of True Plastic Materials for Aircraft Construction: 1939-1940
Subcommittee on De-icing: 1940-1941
Subcommittee on Elimination of Rain & Snow Static on Aircraft: 1939-1940
Subcommittee on Jet Auxiliary Power: 1938-1941
General: 1938-1941

Consideration of Requests

Congressional Bills on Scientific Research: 1937
Metallurgy Population & Technology: 1936-1937
Recalculation of Mathematical Tables
Reorganization of Executive Depts of Federal Government: 1936

End of Program: 1939

Executive Committee

Meetings: 1937-1938
Meetings: Joint w Natl Resources Committee: 1936
Meetings: General: 1936
General: 1936-1939

Historical Sketch: 1936

Meetings: 1936-1939

Organization & Personnel: 1936-1939

Subcommittee on Biological Abstracts: 1936-1938

Subcommittee on Bureau of Standards Relations: 1936-1938

Subcommittee on Design & Construction of Airships

Supporting Data: 1936-1938
General: 1936-1939

Subcommittee on Physical Types in American Population

Appointments: Members: 1936
General: 1936-1937

Subcommittee on Policy
Federal Interest in Scientific Education & Research: 1937

Subcommittee on Relation of Patent System to Stimulation of New Industries: 1936-1939

Subcommittee on Ship Stabilization: 1936-1939

Subcommittee on Soil Conservation

Appointments: Members: 1936
Beginning of Program: 1936
Projects: Consideration of REA Report on Great Plains Drought Area: 1936-1937
Projects: Evaluation of Prospectus of Survey of Soil Conservation & Flood Control in Europe: 1938
Supporting Data: 1936
General: 1936-1938

Subcommittee on Toxic Sprays

Appointments: Members: 1936-1938
Beginning of Program: 1936
Projects: Arsenic & Lead Toxicity: 1936-1937
Projects: Fluorine Toxicity: 1938
General: 1936-1937

Subcommittee on War & Navy Depts: 1936-1939

Subcommittee on Weather Bureau: 1936-1939

General: 1936-1939

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ORGANIZATION: NAS

Meetings

Annual: 1936
Annual: 1933
Autumn: 1933

Requests to NAS to Intercede re Reduction of Funds for Federal Scientific Research: 1933

Science Advisory Committee: 1933

PUBLIC Relations

Inaugurations Ceremonies Speeches

Sigma Xi: "Government's Reponsibilities in Science": Compton K: 1935

Magazine Articles on Science

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: 1936
Science Advisory Board: 1933-1935

Newspaper Articles on Science

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: 1936-1938
Science Advisory Board: 1933-1935

PUBLICATIONS

Geographical Review

Geography & National Land Planning: 1935

General: 1933-1935

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 DIVISIONS OF THE NRC

ENGINEERING & Industrial Research

Meetings: Symposium on Decentralization of Industry: 1933

General: 1933


 FINANCE & ACCOUNTING

ACCOUNTING

Auditor's Report: Science Advisory Board: 1934-1935

Reimbursement to NAS from Government

Committee on Army Air Corps Problems: 1939-1941
Subcommittee on Design & Construction of Airships: 1936-1941
Subcommittee on Ship Stabilization: 1936-1941

General: 1933-1946

CONTRACTS

NOd-790: Subcommittee on Ship Stabilization: 1936-1939

NOd-655

Committee on Design & Construction of Airships: 1935
Subcommittee on Design & Construction of Airships: 1936-1941

W 535 ac-15690: Committee on Army Air Corps Problems: 1940-1941

W 535 ac-13087: Committee on Army Air Corps Problems: 1939

W 535 ac-11707: Committee on Army Air Corps Problems: 1938

FINANCE

Funds: Grants: Science Advisory Board: 1933-1935

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 GOVERNMENT

AGENCIES & Departments

Agriculture

Agriculture Adjustment Administration: 1934
Bureau of Chemistry: 1933
Food & Drug Administration: 1930-1934
Weather Bureau: 1933-1935
General: 1933-1938

Board of Surveys & Maps of Federal Government: 1934-1935

Commerce

Business Advisory & Planning Council: 1933-1934
General: 1933-1934

Emergency Conservation Work

Civilian Conservation Corps: Press Releases: 1933-1934
General: 1933

Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works

National Planning Board: 1933-1934
Press Releases: 1934-1935

Federal Emergency Relief Administration: 1933-1934

Interdepartmental Committee on Aerial Photography & Mapping: 1933-1934

Interior

Soil Erosion Service: 1933-1934
General: 1933-1935

Interstate Commerce Commission: Regulation of Railroads

Report to Congress: 1934
Report to US President: 1934

National Recovery Administration

Consumers' Advisory Board: 1933-1934
Industrial Advisory Board: Codes: 1933-1934

National Resources Board

National Land Planning Activities: 1934
Science Committee: 1935
General: 1934-1935

National Resources Committee

Committee on Population Problems: 1936
Committee on Study of Problems in Field of Technology: 1936-1937
Science Committee: NAS Representatives: 1935-1937
Science Committee: Subcommittee on Survey of Governmental Relations to Research: 1937-1939
Science Committee: General: 1935-1939
General: 1935-1939

Navy

Committee on Naval Research: Liaison w NRC: 1933-1935
General: 1933-1935

Planning Committee for Mineral Policy: 1934-1935

Tennessee Valley Authority

Press Releases: 1933-1934
General: 1933-1934

Treasury:

Bureau of Budget: 1933-1934
General: 1933-1935

War: 1933-1934

Army Air Corps: 1938-1941

General: 1933-1937

CONGRESS

Acts: Appropriations

Dept of Agriculture & Farm Credit Administration: 1934-1937

Acts

Research into Basic Laws & Principles Relating to Agriculture & Further Development of Agriculture Extension Work & Land-Grant Colleges: 1935-1936
General: 1935

Bills: 1936-1940

Establishment of National Planning Board: 1935
Food Drugs & Cosmetics: 1933-1935
Research into Basic Laws & Principles Relating to Agriculture & Further Development of Agriculture Extension Work & Land-Grant Colleges: 1935
General: 1934-1935

Committees

Agriculture: Hearings: 1935
Agriculture & Forestry: Hearing: 1935
Commerce: Hearings: 1935

Resolutions

Curtailment of Activities in Connection with Scientific Research: 1933

General: 1937

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EXECUTIVE

Executive Depts: Reorganization: 1937

Executive Orders & Directives

EO 7100: Science Advisory Board: Extension of Board's Life: 1935
EO 6725: Science Advisory Board: Appointment of Additional Members: 1934
EO 6238: Science Advisory Board: Establishment: 1933
Samples of Executive Orders for Science Advisory Board: 1918-1933

National Resources Planning Board

Science Committee: NAS Representatives: 1939
General: 1939

General: 1933-1939

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Committee on Government Relations, Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee, and NRC Science Advisory Board, 1925-1941: Index to Reports


 ADMINISTRATION

EXECUTIVE BOARD

Science Advisory Board

Committee on Biological Abstracts

Report to Board: 1935

Committee on Boulder Dam Survey

Possibilities of Developing Mineral Industries Tributary to Boulder Dam: 1934

Committee on Bureau of Chemistry & Soils

Relationship of Bureau of Chemistry & Soils to other Bureaus in Dept of Agriculture: 1935
Soil Erosion: Final: 1935
Soil Erosion: Preliminary: 1934

Committee on Geological Survey & Bureau of Mines

Report to Secretary of Interior on Bureau of Mines: 1933
Report to Secretary of Interior on Consolidation of Geological Survey & Bureau of Mines: 1933
Report to Secretary of Interior on Geological Survey: 1933
Report to Secretary of Interior on Mineral Statistics & Economics: Preliminary: 1933

Committee on Land Use

Land Resources & Land Use in Relation to Public Policy: 1934
Soil Erosion: Preliminary Recommendations: 1934

Committee on Mapping Services of Federal Government

Report to Board: 1934

Committee on Medicine & Public Health

Report to Secretary of Treasury: 1935

Committee on Railway Research

Report to Federal Coordinator of Transportation: 1934
Subcommittee on Facilities for Research: 1934

Committee on Relation of Patent System to Stimulation of New Industries

Report to Secretary of Commerce: 1935

Committee on Weather Bureau

Report to Secretary of Agriculture: 1935

Land-Grant Colleges Survey

Report to Board: 1935

National Program for Putting Science to Work for National Welfare

Report to US President: 1935

Put Science to Work

National Program: Compton K: 1934

Recovery Program for Science Progress

Compton K: 1933

Report to US President

Second: Sep 1935
First: Sep 1934

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ORGANIZATION: NAS

Committee on Government Relations

Role of Science in National Planning: 1934

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee: Committee on Army Air Corps Problems

Subcommittee on De-Icing: 1940-1941
Subcommittee on Jet Auxiliary Power: 1938-1941

Government Relations & Science Advisory Committee

Subcommittee on Design & Construction of Airships: 1936-1937
Subcommittee on Physical Types in American Population: 1937
Subcommittee on Ship Stabilization: 1937-1940
Subcommittee on Toxic Sprays: 1937
Subcommittee on Weather Bureau: 1938


 GOVERNMENT

AGENCIES & Departments

Agriculture: Bureau of Chemistry & Soils

Report to Chief of Bureau to Secretary of Agriculture: 1933

Agriculture: Forest Service

Soil Erosion & Reforestation in Italy: 1943
Secretary of Agriculture: Report to Congress on Elixir Sulfanilamide: 1937

Central Statistical Board

Annual Report: 1st: 1934

Commerce: Business Advisory & Planning Council

Committee on Bureau of Standards: 1934
Subcommittee on Mineral Services: 1933

Interior

Bureau of Indian Affairs: 1933
Bureau of Reclamation: 1934

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

Annual Report: 19th: 1933

National Resources Board

National Planning & Public Works in Relation to Natural Resources: 1934

Treasury

Public Health Service: 1937

War: Office Chief of Engineers

Mississippi River Commission: Report: 1932

CONGRESS

Committees: Commerce

Safety in Air: Report: 1936-1937

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