Francis Crick

Salk Institute for Biological Studies

June 8, 1916 - July 28, 2004


Election Year: 1969
Scientific Discipline: Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Membership Type: Foreign Associate
Photo Credit: Marc Lieberman, published in Siegel RM, Callaway EM

Francis Crick was a theoretical biologist whose research focused on the nature of the genetic code. He explained the flow of genetic information in the cell––DNA to RNA to protein––as the “central dogma” of molecular biology. He is best known for his codiscovery of the double helical structure of DNA and its semiconservative mechanism of replication. Crick and James D. Watson won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962 for “their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."

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