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Election Year: 1989
Scientific Discipline: Psychological and Cognitive Sciences
Membership Type: Member
Gardner Lindzey made great contributions to behavioral and social sciences. He pioneered the fields of behavioral genetics and human personality by establishing the first formal laboratory for behavior genetics in the United States at the University of Texas. He published many papers on the genetic factors that influence behavior in animals and published Theories of Personality (1957), which provided a simplified outline for the explanation of many schools of psychological thought on the organization of the mind.
Lindzey attended Pennsylvania State University, earning his AB degree in 1943 and his MS degree in 1945. He earned his PhD at Harvard University in 1949 and was a professor of psychology at Harvard University, Syracuse University and the University of Minnesota. The University of Texas offered him a position as a professor of psychology, and he later served there as chair and vice president of the psychology department. He then became the director and president of the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences and a professor of psychology at Stanford University.