Arthur Kornberg

Stanford University

March 3, 1918 - October 26, 2007

Scientific Discipline: Biochemistry
Membership Type:
Emeritus (elected 1957)

Arthur Kornberg was a leader in enzyme biochemistry. Many of his studies focused on nucleic acids and cellular metabolism. He studied DNA replication in bacterial cells and was the first to isolate a DNA polymerase, DNA polymerase I, one of the enzymes that synthesizes DNA from its individual components. From this discovery he devised a method for synthesizing DNA in the laboratory. He earned the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Dr. Severo Ochoa for their discovery of the “mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)."

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