June B. Nasrallah

Cornell University


Election Year: 2003
Primary Section: 25, Plant Biology
Membership Type: Member

Research Interests

My research focuses on the study of the cell-cell interactions required for plant reproduction. By studying the highly specific interactions between the pollen or pollen tube and the female pistil, we expect to understand the mechanisms underlying reproductive success and mating specificity within and between species, and to shed light on the more general problem of cell-cell communication in plants. A long-standing interest has been to investigate the mechanism of self-incompatibility in crucifers, a major barrier to self-fertilization that leads to the arrest of self-related pollen grains at the surface of the pistil. We showed that recognition of self-pollen results from allele-specific interactions between a receptor kinase expressed on the epidermal cells of the pistil and its ligand, a small peptide expressed on the surface of pollen grains. By transformation with a pair of receptor and ligand genes, we rendered the self-fertile species A. thaliana self-incompatible, thus demonstrating that these two proteins are the major determinants of the out-breeding mode of reproduction in crucifers. Our current work aims at understanding the basis of specificity in receptor-ligand interaction, how receptors and ligands co-evolve to generate new self-recognition specificities, and the signal transduction pathway that leads to pollen inhibition. We are also interested in characterizing the genetic basis of evolutionary switches from out-crossing to self-fertility, and thus understand a major process in the reproductive isolation of plant species.

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