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Today President Obama signed a Presidential Memorandum to address climate change and national security. In a brief statement from National Academy of Sciences President Marcia McNutt, she states, "The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine look forward to taking the lead in engaging the academic community in efforts to guide this initiative, and are well-positioned to tap the broad, multidisciplinary expertise of researchers across the nation." Read More
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provides a comprehensive assessment of economic and demographic trends of U.S. immigration over the past 20 years, its impact on the labor market and wages of native-born workers, and its fiscal impact at the national, state, and local levels. Among the report's key findings and conclusions: When measured over a period of 10 years or more, the impact of immigration on the wages of native-born workers overall is very small. To the extent that negative impacts occur, they are most likely to be found for prior immigrants or native-born workers who have not completed high school — who are often the closest substitutes for immigrant workers with low skills. There is little evidence that immigration significantly affects the overall employment levels of native-born workers. As with wage impacts, there is some evidence that recent immigrants reduce the employment rate of prior immigrants. In addition, recent research finds that immigration reduces the number of hours worked by native teens (but not their employment levels). Some evidence on inflow of skilled immigrants suggests that there may be positive wage effects for some subgroups of native-born workers, and other benefits to the economy more broadly. Immigration has an overall positive impact on long-run economic growth in the U.S.
Despite the importance of eyesight, millions of people grapple with undiagnosed or untreated vision impairments -- ranging from mild conditions to total blindness -- and eye and vision health remain relatively absent from national health priority lists, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report calls for transforming vision impairments from common to rare and eliminating correctable and avoidable vision impairments in the U.S. by 2030.
Former National Academy of Sciences President Bruce Alberts has received the prestigious 2016 Lasker-Koshland Award for Special Achievement in Medical Science "for fundamental discoveries in DNA replication and protein biochemistry; for visionary leadership in directing national and international scientific organizations to better people's lives; and for passionate dedication to improving education in science and mathematics," the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation announced today. Currently, the Chancellor's Leadership Chair in Biochemistry and Biophysics for Science and Education at the University of California, San Francisco, Alberts served as president of the NAS from 1993 to 2005, where he was instrumental in developing the landmark National Science Education standards that have been implemented in school systems nationwide. Also announced today, the 2016 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award is being presented to National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine members William Kaelin Jr. of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Harvard Medical School and Gregg Semenza of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, along with Peter Ratcliffe of the University of Oxford/Francis Crick Institute, "for the discovery of the pathway by which cells from humans and most animals sense and adapt to changes in oxygen availability – a process essential for survival." And along with two other researchers, NAS member Charles M. Rice of the Rockefeller University is receiving the 2016 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award "for development of a system to study the replication of the virus that causes hepatitis C and for use of this system to revolutionize the treatment of this chronic, often lethal disease."
The demand for family caregivers for adults who are 65 or older is increasing significantly, and family caregivers need more recognition, information, and support to fulfill their responsibilities and maintain their own health, financial security, and well-being, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Although caregivers' individual circumstances vary, family caregiving can negatively affect caregivers' mental and physical health as well cause economic harm, including loss of income and career opportunities. The report calls for health care delivery system reform that elevates family-centered care alongside person-centered care to better account for the roles of family caregivers and support their involvement in the care delivery process.
Although the current supply of molybdenum-99 and technetium-99m – isotopes used worldwide in medical diagnostic imaging – is sufficient to meet domestic and global demand, changes to the supply chain before year-end could lead to severe shortages and impact the delivery of medical care, says a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Read More
The recipients of the 2016 Communication Awards were announced today by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Supported by the W.M. Keck Foundation since 2003 as part of the Keck Futures Initiative, these prestigious awards — each of which includes a $20,000 prize — recognize excellence in reporting and communicating science, engineering, and medicine to the general public. The winners will be honored during a ceremony on Oct. 26 in Washington, D.C. Read More
A new report urges Congress, federal and state agencies, and regulatory institutions to significantly increase their support for innovation for "increasingly clean" electric power technologies – nuclear power, carbon capture and storage, and renewables such as solar and wind. Some of these technologies have seen recent cost and price declines and are cost-competitive in certain locations. But significantly greater market penetration of these technologies will be required to help address the worst impacts of climate change, as well as harms to human health such as asthma and premature death caused by pollution. Read More
A new Academies report makes recommendations to improve the value of the NNI's strategy and portfolio for research and applications of nanotechnology.
To advance the understanding of atmospheric chemistry and improve its research infrastructure, a new Academies report proposes priorities and strategic steps for the field in the next decade.