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The 2015 Nobel in economic sciences was awarded to NAS member Angus Deaton "for his analysis of consumption, poverty, and welfare."
Although a U.S. Department of Transportation report on federal truck size and weight limits acknowledges gaps in addressing its legislative charge, a more comprehensive and useful response would have been possible, says a new letter report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The DOT's Comprehensive Truck Size & Weight Limits Study lacks a consistent and complete quantitative summary of the alternative configuration scenarios, and major categories of costs -- such as expected bridge structural costs, frequency of crashes, and infrastructure costs on certain roads -- are not estimated.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the launch of a new roundtable that will examine issues related to the development of U.S. stores of unconventional hydrocarbon resources such as shale oil and gas. Learn more about the roundtable and sign up to receive updates about its activities at http://nas-sites.org/uhroundtable.
Paul Modrich, Aziz Sancar, and Tomas Lindahl have won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair." Modrich is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Medicine, and Sancar is an NAS member.
The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was divided, one half jointly to NAS member William C. Campbell and foreign associate Satoshi Ōmura "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites" and the other half to Youyou Tu "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against malaria."
Oct. 2 – NAE members will gather on Oct. 4-5 in Washington, D.C., to congratulate new members and welcome distinguished speakers who will discuss this year’s annual meeting theme, the Grand Challenges for Engineering. Agenda | Learn More
Machines that use advanced X-ray imaging technology to screen airport passengers comply with radiation exposure limits set by the American National Standards Institute/Health Physics Society, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report also finds that the machines adhere to the recommended safety mechanisms described in the ANSI/HPS standards to prevent overexposure to radiation in the event of a mechanical failure or deliberate tampering. Read More
Continuing expansion of federal research regulations and requirements is diminishing the effectiveness of the U.S. scientific enterprise by directing investigators' time away from research and toward administrative matters, says a new congressionally mandated report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report identifies specific actions Congress, the White House, federal agencies, and research institutions should take to reduce the regulatory burden. Read More
Most people will experience at least one diagnostic error -- an inaccurate or delayed diagnosis -- in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The committee that conducted the study and wrote the report found that although getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care, efforts to improve diagnosis and reduce diagnostic errors have been quite limited.
As immigrants and their descendants become integrated into U.S. society, many aspects of their lives improve, including measurable outcomes such as educational attainment, occupational distribution, income, and English language ability, but their well-being declines in the areas of health, crime, and family patterns, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. At the same time, several factors impede immigrants' integration into society, such as their legal status, racial disparities in socio-economic outcomes, and low naturalization rates.