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10th Annual U.S. Symposium

November 19-21, 1998
Irvine, California


 Black Holes at the Center of the Galaxy

Organizer: Jennifer Chayes. Microsoft Research

Chair: Alexei Filippenko, University of California, Berkeley


Andrea Ghez, University of California, Los Angeles
Observing the Fastest Moving Stars in Our Galaxy:
Evidence of a Supermassive Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way

Charles Bailyn, Yale University
Observing Black Holes in Binary Star Systems


Organizer: John Hartwig, Yale University

Chair: Norbert Scherer, University of Chicago


John Simon, Duke University
Using Ultrafast Lasers to Study Problems in Photobiology

Andrei Tokmakoff, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Watching the Time-Evolution of Structure in Complex Liquids

 Global Climate Change

Organizer: Sue Brantley, Pennsylvania State University

Chair: Richard Alley, Pennsylvania State University


Jean Lynch-Steiglitz, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Oceanic Records of Rapid Climate Change

Jeff Severinghaus, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Abrupt Climate Change Inferred from Thermally-Fractionated Gases in Polar Ice

 Learning and Memory

Organizer: Gary Ruvkun, Massachusetts General Hospital

Chair: Jerry Yin, Cold Spring Harbor


Erin Schuman, California Institute of Technology
Plasticity of Synapses in the Brain

James Thomas, University of Washington
Toward a Molecular Basis for Learning and Memory

 Mathematical Modeling of the Stock Market

Organizer: Jennifer Chayes. Microsoft Research

Chair: Doyne Farmer, Prediction Company


David Shaw, DE Shaw Associates
Computational Finance

Andrew Lo, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Three P’s of Total Risk Management

 Morphological Innovation and Developmental Genetics

Organizer: Charles Marshall, University of California, Los Angeles

Chair: Charles Marshall, University of California, Los Angeles


Nipam H. Patel, University of Chicago
The Evolution of Animal Body Plans

John Doebley, University of Minnesota
Genetics and the Evolution of Plant Form

 Neurodegenerative Disease

Organizer: Charles L. Brooks, Scripps Research Institute

Chair: Edward Koo, University of California at San Diego


Jeffery Kelly, Scripps Research Institute
Biophysical Studies Suggest a New Small Molecule Therapeutic Strategy
for Intervention in Human Amyloid Disease

Peter T. Lansbury, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Center for Neurologic Diseases
Structural Neurology: the Molecular Mechanism of Fibril Formation by the Amyloid Protein

 Quantum Conductors in a Plane

Organizer: Philip Phillips, University of Illinois

Chair: Philip Phillips, University of Illinois


Subir Sachdev, Yale University
Quantum Phase Transitions

Sergey Kravchenko, Northeastern University
Unexpected Insulator-Conductor Transition in Two-Dimensional Metals

Ali Yazdani, University of Illinois
Quantum Motion of Electron Pairs in Flatland


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