Header Women In Science

Published since 1877, Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members. Colleagues familiar with the subject's work write these memoirs and as such, the series provides a biographical history of science in America. This special collection features memoirs of women who shaped American science.  We hope you will enjoy – and be inspired by – the biographies of these groundbreaking researchers.

Physical and Mathematical Sciences  
Biological and Biomedical Sciences  
Behavioral and Social Sciences  

Physical and Mathematical Sciences

Gertrude M. CoxGertrude M. Cox

Applied Mathematical Sciences
(1900-1978)

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Gertrude S. GoldhaberGertrude S. Goldhaber

Physics
(1911-1998)

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Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert Mayer

Physics
(1906-1972)

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Julia RobinsonJulia Robinson

Mathematics
(1919-1985)

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C. S. WuC. S. Wu

Physics
(1912-1997)

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Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Gerty CoriGerty Cori

Biochemistry
(1896-1957)

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Mary EdmondsMary Edmonds

Biochemistry
(1922-2005)

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Katherine EsauKatherine Esau

Plant Biology
(1898-1997)

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Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion

Medical Physiology and Metabolism
(1918-1999)

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Charlotte FriendCharlotte Friend

Medical Genetics, Hematology, and Oncology
(1921-1987)

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Libbie HymanLibbie Hyman

Physiology and Pharmacology
(1888-1969)

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Shirley JeffreyShirley Jeffrey

Plant Biology
(1930-2014)

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Mary Ellen JonesMary Ellen Jones

Biochemistry
(1922-1996)

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Marian E. KoshlandMarian E. Koshland

Immunology and Inflammation
(1921-1997)

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Sydney KustoSydney Kusto

Genetics
(1943-2014)

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Rebecca C. LancefieldRebecca C. Lancefield

Biochemistry
(1895-1981)

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Martha L. LudwigMartha L. Ludwig

Biochemistry
(1931-2006)

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Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock

Genetics
(1902-1992)

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Elizabeth C. MillerElizabeth C. Miller

Medical Genetics, Hematology, and Oncology
(1920-1987)

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Lois K. MillerLois K. Miller

Genetics
(1945-1999)

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Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick

Ecology
(1907-2013)

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Helen RanneyHelen Ranney

Medical Genetics, Hematology, and Oncology
(1920-2010)

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Sarah RatnerSarah Ratner

Biochemistry
(1903-1999)

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Elizabeth S. RussellElizabeth S. Russell

Genetics
(1913-2001)

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Florence R. SabinFlorence R. Sabin

Medicine
(1871-1953)

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Ruth SagerRuth Sager

Genetics
(1918-1997)

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Berta V. ScharrerBerta V. Scharrer

Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
(1906-1995)

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Behavioral and Social Sciences

Linda S. CordellLinda S. Cordell

Anthropology
(1943-2013)

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Frederica de LagunaFrederica de Laguna

Anthropology
(1906-2004)

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Victoria A. FromkinVictoria A. Fromkin

Anthropology
(1923-2000)

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Mary HaasMary Haas

Anthropology
(1910-1996)

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Margaret MeadMargaret Mead

Anthropology
(1901-1978)

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Elinor OstromElinor Ostrom

Economics
(1933-2012)

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Margaret F. WashburnMargaret F. Washburn

Psychological and Cognitive Sciences
(1871-1939)

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